The Chola Dynasty Which ruled from Thanjavur in the 9th Century is considered as the father of Bronzes. The Chola’s who were shivites (Worshipper’s of Lord Shiva) have built numerous temples. One of the reasons for encouraging sculptures was to give the artisans continuous work. They wanted the old and the handicapped also to have the happiness of worshipping the gods. Thus they created the Utsava moorthies, which were cast in Bronze through the lost wax process or cire perudu. These bronzes were taken in procession around the town thus giving access to all the people. These processions also gave a chance to the people to beautify their homes and the surrounding thus giving festive look the images were adorned with fine silk and jewellery thus showcasing the jeweler’s workmanship, and were carried in palanquins which were decorated with pearls and other artistic work.   

These bronzes which are found as treasure in south India find a prominent place in all the leading museums in the world. We at Triumph Enterprises have been making replicas of the same and are appreciated by one and all for being nearer to the original.     

Our Artist is still following the “Shilpa Sastra” or the Art of Sculptures which was followed thousand of years back. The Shilpa sastra guides one of the body and the hand gestures. In our unit we don’t use a measuring tape, but use a coconut tree leaf which is bent into number of parts. And follow the ancient system of measuring the fore head, the neck, the arm etc with the tala (Ancient measurement) the eyes should be in the shape of a fish while the eyebrows should be like an archer’s bow. Every image is identified by the weapons it holds or by the posture and symbols. Lord Shiva should have an axe and an antelope while Vishnu should have the Conch and the wheel (Shank and Chakra).  

CIRE PERUDU OR THE LOST WAX PROCESS 

Castled objects have been found in Prehistoric sites, but it was the great Chola’s who streamlined the creation of bronze sculptures.                      

Our Artisans have learnt this art from their forefathers who have been practicing this art for century’s together .All bronzes are individually hand made and no machinery is used to create the same.                        

The basic wax model is made out of a mixture of beeswax and gum from shall tree to which is added a little coconut oil. The artisans shows his skill in modeling the required figure with his hands .The finished wax model has been provided with space for chiseling the intricate details after casting. This wax model is completely covered with clay which is mixed with paddy husk and bits of hay, and is allowed to dry in the sunlight. The clay used by our artisans is not the normal clay but the silt which is pushed aside in the river when it takes a turn. The clay mould is then heated so that the wax inside will melt and flow out while the negative impression of the wax figure is created and is ready for casting.                 

The alloy of metals (namely copper, zinc, lead & Tin) which is molten in a cubicle is poured into the mould and allowed to cool. In certain cases especially for temples we have a 5 metal bronze (which includes gold & Silver). On breaking the mould after it cools you get the rough figure which is cleaned and chiseled to remove the excess metal and all the details are done with hand. The final product is then polished or given the Antique finish either in Greenish blue, or brown or black according to the requirement. View our photo galleries on this site to view our Bronze collection. 

 
 
 
 
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